Stem cell Therapy is a form of regenerative medicine that utilizes the body’s natural healing mechanism to treat various conditions. Stem cells are being used in regenerative medicine to renew and repair diseased or damaged tissues, and have shown promising results in treatments of various orthopedic, cardiovascular, neuromuscular and autoimmune conditions. Stem cells are present in all of us acting like a repair system for the body. However, with increased age, sometimes, the optimum amount of stems cells are not delivered to the injured area. The goal of stem cell therapy is to amplify the natural repair system of the patients body.
There are 2 major types of stem cells: Embryonic stem cells and adult stem. cells.
Embryonic Stem Cells are stem cells derived from human embryos they are pluripotent, which means they have the ability to develop into almost any of the various cell types of the body. As the embryo develops and forms a baby stem cells are distributed throughout the body where they reside in specific pockets of each tissue, such as bone marrow and blood.
As we age these cells function to renew old and worn out tissues. These are call adult stem cells. Like embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells can also replicate into more than one cell type, but their replication is restricted to a limited number of cell types.
The unique self-regeneration and differentiating ability of embryonic stem cells can be used in regenerative medicine. The stem cells can be derived from eggs collected during the IVF procedures with informed consent from the patient.
Adult Stem cells are most commonly obtained from the bone marrow, specifically the mesenchymal stem cells, which have the ability to replicate into cells that form the musculoskeletal system such as tendons, ligaments and articular cartilage. They can be obtained from the pelvic bone.